By law, any agreement by which a person is deterred from practising a legal profession, commercial or commercial activity is null and void in this regard. When a person enters into an agreement that requires him to do something that goes against his or her public duty, the agreement is not enforced because of public order. Because z.B is an agent`s agreement to obtain secret profits, because it is contrary to public order. Similarly, an agreement by a government official to acquire land in his circle is illegal, contrary to public policy. The policy of the law is another name for public order. Public order can be difficult for many people to understand because it has no legal definition. What is considered public policy can change depending on people`s time and needs. Many courts have a conservative view of public order because they believe that public order is determined by judicial decisions and laws, not by people`s opinions. The courts should be very careful when deciding on a matter of public policy.
The teaching must be applied with the necessary variation. Each case must be decided on its own facts. Some of the agreements that oppose public order are briefly illustrated below. For example, if you pay a certain amount to a public servant to retire to take his or her job, that agreement would not be valid. It is also illegal to enter into an agreement to terminate the prosecution in exchange for a certain amount of money. Once a complaint has been filed, no agreement can be reached to withdraw the complaint for review. The maintenance agreement and the collective agreement are contrary to public policy. So they`re no ath. Maintenance agreements are agreements in which a person promises to maintain an action that does not interest him or her. The Champerty agreement is an agreement whereby a person agrees to share the results of the disputes. Figure 2: A person `A` is convicted of murder and `B` is the witness.
If an agreement is reached with “B” to change his testimony / not appear in court, it is illegal and not aeig. Privy counsel in the case of Raja Venkata Subhadrayamma Guru v. Sree Pusapathi Venkapathi Raju[vi], said that the court cannot refuse to force such arrangements if the court sees that it is not made with a bonafide or reward object seems to be the subject of blackmail and maintained that Champerty and maintenance are not illegal in India. Any trade in enemies is contrary to public order. It is therefore illegal and not aeig. However, if a contract is concluded during the peace period and a war subsequently breaks out, one of the two things can lead to the suspension of the treaty or termination, depending on the intention of the parties.