Ongoing bilateral trade and investment negotiations outside the WTO: www.bilaterals.org Global Trade Negotiations homepage, Center for International Development, Harvard University: www.cid.harvard.edu/cidtrade/ (ii) non-tariff barriers such as technical barriers to trade, lack of transparency in national trade regulations, unfair and arbitrary application of national trade rules, customs formalities and procedures, and government procurement practices. Dr Lorand Bartels is a lecturer in international law at the Faculty of Law and a Fellow at Trinity Hall, University of Cambridge, where he teaches international law, WTO law and EU law. He holds a degree in English Literature and Law from the University of New South Wales (1996) and a Doctorate in Law from the European University Institute (2002). Before arriving in Cambridge in 2007, he taught international business law at the University of Edinburgh (2003-2007) and also taught at several other universities, including IELPO (Barcelona) Master of Commercial Law and the EU Academy of European Law. In 2007, Dr. Bartels spent a year as an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow and AHRC Research Professor at the Max Planck Institute for Foreign Public Law and International Law, Heidelberg. Australia-United States Free Trade Agreement (text): ustr.gov/trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements/australian-fta/final-text TTIP – Free trade negotiations between Europe, the United States find themselves at an impasse in Berlin: www.cnbc.com/2016/08/28/free-trade-talks-between-europe-us-hit-a-dead-end-in-berlin.html ASEAN – Australia – Free Trade Agreement with New Zealand – Facts and figures: www.mfat.govt.nz/en/trade/free-trade-agreements/free-trade-agreements-in-force/aanzfta-asean-australia-new-zealand-fta/ These different tariff and non-tariff barriers are subject to different WTO rules that reflect a difference in the economic impact of these barriers. Department for International Trade – Fox declares the Department of Commerce “open for business”: www.ft.com/cms/s/0/1e866348-75de-11e6-bf48-b372cdb1043a.html#axzz4Jkyrf9uc Regional Trade Agreement (Part 1): www.gov.uk/guidance/regional-trade-agreements-with-korea-india-central-america-andean-community-asean-ukraine-and-canada NAFTA-Nemesis of the Americas: Canada, not Mexico: money.cnn.com/2016/08/11/news/economy/us-canada-trade/ The result of the release of these agreements is that the current international trade rules are now made up of a number of instruments. . . .